Suburbanization Patterns around Post Socialist Budapest

Estzter B. Berényi

The agglomeration of Budapest was performed first early 1900. The towns and little villages agglomerated around the Little-Budapest, that was united in 1873. The agglomeration grew away and 23 other settlements was attached to Budapest, so was performed the Great-Budapest in 1953. The agglomeration of Budapest was impoundmented official in 1971, that was just a statistical area. The Development Council of the Budapest Agglomeration was established just after the transformation in 1996. Today the Agglomeration of Budapest consists of 80 settlements.

The new spatial structure, a functional differentiation and a prompt suburbanization in the agglomeration were caused by the social and economic changes after 1990. The new spatial structure was new functional belts for example Inner-Budapest, rostbelt, blocks of flats, garden cities (old suburbia), upper-class cottages and the agglomeration. Functional changes and the decrease of population took place in the city through the development of the 3th sector, the foreign direct investment, the headquarter economy and the tourism boom.

In the agglomeration grew the population, and took of the suburbanization of the 2th and 3th sector after 2000. The main functions was commertialism (huge market centres – Campona, Tesco, Auchan, Metro), logistics (BILK, Harbor Park, Európa Center), fitness centres (Aquapark Mogyoród), office centres (Infopark, Graphisoft), hotels.

The landscape around Budapest is diversed, in northwest is rolling, in east, southeast is plane, and this landscape determines the suburbanization process. The first agglomeration process took place into the border of Budapest. The big logistics, office, market centres established on the border of Budapest (Fig. 1.). The edge cities established in the agglomeration belt through the highway system (for example Budaörs or Vecsés ). Logistics centres established in the area of Alsónémedi and Dunaharaszti, shopping centres in the area of highway M0, M2, M3. The Fig. 2. shows the new special structure in the agglomeration of Budapest.

The main problems through the prompt suburbanization are investment on greenplaces, increase of the building structure, decrease of the green places, gappy infrastructure (road-system, public services).


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