Rajka is located on the border between Austria, Hungary and Slovakia, just 20 km from Bratislava and 75km from Vienna.Rajka is situated on the Danube, and tourism related to the river, camping, canoeing, fishing etc., has long been important to the economy, as has its position on the border. With the creation of Czechoslovakia Rajka became the point of a border control, which created employment. These functions have ceased with EU membership in 1994, and since the border with Slovakia stopped needed policing in 2007. However, being located on the frontier is now making Rajka attractive for different economic reasons. In the last ten years people from Bratislava have started to settle down here due to its proximity to the growing capital city Bratislava.
Currently there are around 900 inhabitants related to Bratislava. Commuters cause problems for the community by sleeping rather than ‘living’ in the village; with little spare time it is difficult for them to take part in daily life so there is a confrontation between a city and village lifestyle. At the same time many Hungarian inhabitants are moving out of the village to nearby towns: the change of land use from agriculture to suburbia means there is now a market for their property; transport links to the rest of Hungary are relatively poor; and commuters are economically prosperous whilst local industries have shrunk. Though the public life of the village is still relatively rich, it is divided into various parallel and un-communicating layers.